This is a commentary prepared by the editorial team of commonspace.eu.
President Serzh Sargsyan of Armenia on Friday visited Georgia on an official visit during which he met with President Giorgi Marghvelashvili, Prime Minister Irakli Gharibashvili, and Parliament Chairman David Usupashvili.
The visit was the latest in an exchange of official visits between the two neighbouring countries that go beyond protocol niceties, and emphasises that the two countries have embarked on a process of co-operation on a number of tangible issues.
Armenia and Georgia are neighbouring countries with a shared common history. Their people have interacted, inter-married and lived together for many centuries. A competitive spirit between them whilst at times healthy could also at other times be unnecessarily divisive.
In the current geo-political context the two countries have chosen diametrically different paths - Georgia as an associate member of the European Union with aspirations for full EU and NATO membership; Armenia as a full member already of the Russia-led Eurasian Economic Union and Collective Security Treaty Organisation (CSTO). Some feared the two countries could become the fault line between two competing blocs. The leaders of both Armenia and Georgia have made it clear that they do not want this to happen, and the friendly visit of the Armenian President to Tbilisi has re-affirmed this once again. President Sargsyan, speaking after his meeting with president Marghvelashvili underscored this, stating that "our mutual understanding in such issues is first of all conditioned by the acknowledgment of the supremacy of the Armenian-Georgian brotherhood, as well as by our ability to think long-term. Furthermore, the active interstate dialogue anchored in our peoples' deep ties creates serious prerequisites to outline new dimensions for comprehensive partnership".
Georgia is currently pursuing an active policy in the wider Caucasus Region. This means strong bilateral relations with Armenia and Azerbaijan, as well as expanding relations with Turkey and Iran. Georgia's relations with Russia remain troubled by Russia's support for protectorate states in Abkhazia and South Ossetia. Georgia can benefit much from expanded regional co-operation, and even its role as an EU associated state will be much enhanced by an active and positive Caucasus policy. The current Georgian leadership has understood this and is pursuing this policy actively.
As for Armenia, the situation is somewhat different. The country is locked in a war with Azerbaijan and in a historical confrontation with Turkey which persists and clouds contemporary relations. For Armenia maintaining a good relationship with Georgia is a strategic priority which successive Armenian leaders have understood.
There are issues in Georgia-Armenian relations, and proximity and interaction bring with them also the potential for disputes. Yet both countries have wisely agreed to work to manage these problems not to try to exacerbate them. The relations between Georgia and Armenia are therefore in many ways exemplary. They have the potential to expand further. And both sides need to be careful not to be complacent, because they are not without their problems. For the moment however both countries have wisely decided to turn, what could have been an awkward situation, to their advantage.
source: This is a commentary prepared by the editorial team of commonspace.eu
photo: The President of Armenia Serzh Sargsyan with Georgia's President Giorgi Marghvelashvili at the Presidential Palace in Tbilisi on Friday, 30 October 2015 (picture courtesy of the press service of the President of Armenia).
The meeting in Krakow between the foreign ministers of Armenia and Azerbaijan did not lead to a breakthrough, and none was expected. But there appears to be a change of gear in the negotiations, says Dennis Sammut in this week's Monday Commentary