The Armenian authorities have brought charges against former president Robert Kocharian, accusing him of breaching the constitutional order and breaking Article 300.1 part 1 of the Criminal Code, The charges are related to incidents in 2008 when government forces violently broke up mass protests against election fraud following presidential elections which saw a victory for Serzh Sargsyan. Robert Kocharian was the outgoing president, and the incidents happened under his watch. A number of senior military and security forces officials are also being investigated. Kocharian served as president of Armenia from 1998-2008. A court is this morning deciding whether to accept a request from the Armenian State Security Service to put Kocharian under pre trail detention.
On 20 January 26,000 Soviet troops entered Baku and massacred large numbers of civilians who were calling for the restoration of Azerbaijan independence. In Azerbaijan the day is often referred to as Black January.