A team of 17 marine scientists from four countries, have joined forces in a new project aimed at evaluating the degree of pollution in the Black Sea. Scientists on board the research vessel "Mare Nigrum" carried out sampling of water, sediments and marine organisms to assess the health of the sea.
The project, "Assessing the vulnerability of the Black Sea marine ecosystem to human pressures" (ANEMONE), was launched with the Black Sea Joint Scientific Cruise in the first week of October.
"Organizing this joint cruise with specialists from countries around the Black Sea is a great opportunity because this expedition allowed collecting valuable data and promoting the importance of an integrated marine monitoring (system) at a regional level for a responsible ecosystem-based management in the Black Sea," said Dr. Laura Boicenco, the chief scientist of the expedition.
"We collected nearly 65 samples from the seabed of the Romanian, Bulgarian and Turkish Black Sea shelves and extended measurements for dissolved oxygen, temperature, salinity, nutrients, pollutants and biological parameters from 21 stations," added coordinator of the National Institute for Marine Research and Development (NIMRD) in Romania.
In the coming months, marine scientists will study these data, through laboratory work, including processing of samples, data analysis and assessment. The results will serve to map the bottom habitats and to assess the biodiversity and integrity of the seabed under the requirements of the Marine Strategy Framework Directive.
The results will be shared, collated and published as the report on the "Status of the Environment of the Western Black Sea."
Marine mammals, birds and floating litter were included in the items under survey of the ANEMONE cruise.
The scientists traveled 20 transects with a length of 619 kilometers, totaling about 60 hours, and more than 300 sightings were recorded, mostly of the birds.
The project, supported by the European Union, is being carried out by research organisations in Turkey, Ukraine, Bulgaria and Roumania, and the NGO Mare Nostrum.
ANEMONE is funded through the Joint Operational Programme Black Sea Basin 2014-2020.
photo: Scientists taking part in the ANEMONE project during their expedition in the Black Sea (photo courtesy of Hurriyet Daily News, Istanbul).
Specialists at the University of Sheffield in the UK estimate that the blast had about one tenth of the explosive power of the atomic bomb dropped on the Japanese city of Hiroshima during World War Two and was "unquestionably one of the biggest non-nuclear explosions in history".